1. Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948, Article 25; International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1966; Center for Human Rights, Right to Adequate Food, UN, 1989; Convention for the Rights of the Child, 1990.
2. ACC/SCN (1987) First Report on the World Nutrition Situation; ACC/SCN (1988) Supplement on Methods and Statistics to the First Report on the World Nutrition Situation, Table A III.
3. See DeMaeyer et al (1989) Preventing and Controlling Iron Deficiency Anaemia through Primary Health Care, p. 9. WHO, Geneva; ACC/SCN (1991) Controlling Iron Deficiency, State-of-the-Art series No. 9, p. 4.
4. WHO (1984) The Incidence of Low Birth Weight: an Update. Wkly Epidem. Rec. 59, (27) 202-212.
5. Vitamin A: see ACC/SCN 1987, reference in note 19; Clugston G. (1988) Proceedings of Regional Meeting on Vitamin A, Jakarta, p. 54, WHO.
Iodine: see WHO, 43rd WHA, March 1990, doc A43/4, p. 14; ACC/SCN (1987) reference in note 2, p. 40.v]001]001
6. E.g. UN General Assembly Resolution May 1990, S-18/3 Declaration on International Economic Cooperation; UN Ad Hoc Committee on the Whole, International Development Strategy, August 1990: these stress "eradication of poverty and hunger".
7. Strategy for Improved Nutrition of Children and Women in Developing Countries: UNICEF (1990) Policy Review Paper E/ICEF/1990/1.6, UNICEF, New York; JC 27/UNICEF-WHO/89.4.
8. World Declaration and Plan of Action, World Summit for Children, United Nations, New York, 30 September 1990. See also SCN News No. 6 (1990) p. 27.
9. Declarations from: Cairo (World Food Council, 1989); Bangkok (Task Force for Child Survival, 1990) and Bellagio, (1990) are available in Food Policy 14 (4) 346-358 (1990).
10. Commonly quoted examples are Chile, Costa Rica, Jamaica, Kerala (India), Sri Lanka. See Dreze J. and Sen A. (1989) Hunger and Public Action, pp. 198-199, 221, 227-253, Clarendon Press, Oxford; Cornia G. et al. (1987), Adjustment with a Human Face, Vols I & II, UNICEF, give further relevant examples, e.g. Botswana, Zimbabwe.
11. Basic Texts of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (1980 Edition), quotes the Constitution preamble: "The Nations accepting this Constitution, being determined to promote the common welfare by furthering separate and collective action on their part for the purpose of:
raising levels of nutrition and standards of living of the peoples under their respective jurisdictions; securing improvements in the efficiency of the production and distribution of all food and agricultural products;12. FAO (1977) Fourth World Food Survey; Reutlinger S. and Selowsky M. (1976) Malnutrition and Poverty. Magnitude and Policy Options. World Bank; World Bank (1986) Poverty and Hunger: Issues and Options for Food Security in the Developing Countries.
bettering the condition of rural populations; and thus contributing toward an expanding world economy and ensuring humanity's freedom from hunger."
13. World Bank (1990) World Development Report; UNDP (1990) Human Development Report; Dreze J. and Sen A. (1990) Hunger and Public Action, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
14. Food Security in Developing Countries, IDS Bulletin (1990) 21 (3); see also Poverty and Hunger referenced in note 12.
15. Scrimshaw et al (1968) Interactions of Nutrition and Infection, WHO, Geneva; Tomkins A. and Watson F. (1989) Malnutrition and Infection, ACC/SCN State-of-the-Art series No. 5; ACC/SCN Report of 16th Session, 1990, para. 12.
16. ACC/SCN (1990) Women and Nutrition, State-of-the-Art series No. 6.
17. UNICEF (1990) see note 7.
18. FAO/WHO (1990) Meeting the Nutrition Challenge.
19. ACC/SCN (1988) The Prevention and Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders, State-of-the-Art series (SOA) No. 3.
ACC/SCN (1991) Controlling Iron Deficiency, SOA No. 9.
ACC/SCN (1987) Delivery of Oral Doses of Vitamin A to Prevent Vitamin A Deficiency and Nutritional Blindness, SOA No. 2.
20. See references in note 13.
21. ACC/SCN (1990) Report of 16th Session, para. 12; also in SCN News No. 6 (1990), p. 29.
Tomkins A. and Watson F. (1989) Malnutrition and Infection, see note 15.
See also SCN News No. 4 (1989) pp. 7-11.
22. WHO Features, No. 131, Dec 1988; T. McKeown, The Origins of Human Disease, Blackwells, Oxford. See also SCN News No. 4 (1989) pp. 17-19.
23. Hendratta L. and Rohde E. (1988) Ten Pitfalls of Growth Monitoring and Promotion, Indian J. Ped., 55 (1); ACC/SCN (1990) Appropriate Uses of Anthropometric Indices in Children, State-of-the-Art series No. 7. See also SCN News No. 5 (1990) pp. 8-19.
24. WHO (1988) Vitamin A Supplements: A Guide to their Use in the Treatment and Prevention of Vitamin A Deficiency and Xerophthalmia.
25. See WHO publications, e.g. in "Health for All" Series; also Bibliography in Tomkins and Watson referenced in note 21.
26. See note 23.
27. See note 19.