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Meetings, Conferences and Courses

World Alliance on Nutrition and Human Rights - Inaugural Meeting held in Florence.

Thirty-six participants representing organizations of the UN system, NGOs, and other organizations concerned with the human rights approach to nutrition attended the inaugural meeting of the World Alliance on Nutrition and Human Rights (WANAHR) held at the UNICEF International Child Development Centre, Innocenti, Florence, Italy on 18-21 May 1994.

The following information describing the purpose and functions of WANAHR is extracted from the draft report on the outcome of the meeting (the wording may be subject to some final editing).

The Mission of the World Alliance on Nutrition and Human Rights

The number of hungry and malnourished people continues to be unacceptably high. Neither inadequate progress in science and technology nor a lack of resources can be held responsible for the continuing suffering and the lost opportunities in human development of hundreds of millions of people, in particular children and women. The pace of reducing hunger and malnutrition can be substantially accelerated. Achieving or not achieving this is a question of ethical position and political choice, considering that access to food and the enjoyment of adequate nutritional levels constitute fundamental human rights, and are intrinsically related to other human rights such as the right to education and housing.

The right to adequate food is established in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural rights (1966). More recently, the convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) and the Barcelona Declaration on Food Rights of Man (1992) have re-affirmed the right. Moreover, the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights in 1993, has re-affirmed that all human rights are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated. It affirmed that food should not be used as a tool for political pressure and has called for a particular priority on reducing infant and maternal mortality rates as well as malnutrition. Nevertheless, the international community has failed to meet its obligations to respect, protect and fulfil this right at the national and international level. Quantified and time-bound nutritional goals have been agreed upon by most governments in the world both in the World Summit for Children (1990) and the International Conference on Nutrition (ICN 1992). The achievement of these goals is a necessary but not sufficient condition for the realization of nutrition as a right.

Scientific progress has advanced the understanding that access to adequate food - and, thus, the fulfilment of the right to food do not by themselves ensure adequate nutrition. The latter is the outcome of the combined effects of food, health and care and a healthy environment. This scientific understanding demands a broadening of the established rights to food into a right to adequate nutrition. This science-driven shift has important ramifications for future approaches to nutrition improvement.

To date, there is no global mechanism which effectively promotes the elimination of malnutrition problems in a human rights context. The time to create such a mechanism is today particularly propitious. Never before has there been so much concern with economic, social and cultural rights and the potential negative impact of economic policies on the human condition. The breakdown of ideological confrontation has created an environment conducive to the revival of ethical values underlying human rights.

It is against this background that the World Alliance for Nutrition and Human Rights (WANAHR) has been founded to accelerate progress in the reduction of hunger and malnutrition in the context of a rapidly changing global scientific, economic, social and political environment.

By applying a human rights approach to the solution of hunger and malnutrition problems within the framework of the Universal Declaration and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights - with a broadening understanding of the right to food as a right to adequate nutrition, current efforts to improve nutrition will be strengthened and new opportunities will be created to accelerate nutrition improvements.

The nutritional goals should be promoted as moral minima with human rights obligations. National failure to meet these obligations will contribute to a constructive embarrassment at the international level. Failures by the international community shall also be exposed.

Pursuing nutritional goals in a human rights context will help to sharpen the specificity of obligations (to respect, protect and fulfil) and to identify corresponding action as well as to ensure accountability at local, national and international levels.

Approached in this perspective, advocacy and mobilization will become much more effective in creating an environment where the solution of nutrition problems is considered “good politics” - and failure to do so “bad politics”.

Purpose of WANAHR

The purpose of the World Alliance on Nutrition is to improve nutrition, food, health and care, using a human rights approach. Compared with current efforts this will provide a stronger ethical basis for actions to reduce malnutrition. It will also help to translate nutritional goals into State obligations. On the one hand the implementation of human rights will benefit from a nutrition focus. Similarly nutrition can be improved when attention is given to human rights.

It is the interaction between nutrition and human rights work that is the basis for this new alliance. This will strengthen the ethical argument for nutrition as an essential ingredient in human rights. An initial focus on children will make it least controversial, link up with the Convention on the Rights of the Child and could produce early concrete and measurable results.

WANAHR is a global network of organisations and individuals pledged to improve nutrition using a human rights approach. It is held together by a shared vision of the importance of recognizing the rights to nutrition and its corresponding obligations to respect, protect and fulfil those rights.

WANAHR appreciates the need to combine this human rights approach with activities based on an understanding of the underlying causes of malnutrition, namely inadequate food, health and care.

Functions of WANAHR

1. WANAHR will work to join the efforts of local and national authorities, NGOs, international agencies and concerned institutions and individuals working in the areas of nutrition, human rights, health and other related disciplines to promote good nutrition using a human rights approach. This includes encouraging the nutrition community to pay more attention to human rights, and the human rights community to give more attention to nutrition issues. This will involve communications, education activities, advocacy, monitoring, networking and other methods. It may also imply deepening and if necessary reorienting knowledge related to nutrition and human rights.

2. The Alliance will seek to raise the level of priority for nutrition through the states’ adherence to international human rights obligations to respect, protect and fulfil the right to good nutrition. These must involve the appropriate allocation of resources at the international, national and local levels. It will also urge governments to introduce into their domestic law such measures as are needed for ensuring adequate nutrition, and for monitoring and reporting and facilitate NGO contributions to international reporting mechanisms.

3. WANAHR, recognizes the difficulties and often unwillingness of many countries and communities to provide and allocate available and sufficient resources to ensure nutritional rights. WANAHR will therefore seek to remove obstacles which hinder the realisation of nutritional rights for all people and particularly for children. WANAHR will further work towards the elimination of obstacles and hindrances to adequate food, health and care as they influence good nutrition. These include, among many possible examples:

(a) food-related factors such as deprivation of land or issues related to land, price policies which influence household or family food security;

(b) health-related factors such as for example adverse pharmaceutical industry practices such as the unethical promotion of expensive and often harmful antidiarrhoea medicines, when their use contributes to malnutrition;

(c) care-related factors such as obstacles to breast-feeding which often serve as human being’s first hindrance to adequate nutrition, food and care; here the Alliance pledges itself to further the principles of the Innocenti Declaration on the Protection, Promotion and Support of Breastfeeding (1990). WANAHR will use the experience derived from the implementation and monitoring of the Code on breastmilk Substitutes as an example of nutrition rights legislation;

4. The Alliance will seek to promote nutrition in a human rights context through research, particularly participatory research, and the dissemination of research findings and other evidence (testimony?).

5. Considering that nutrition is an outcome of access to adequate food, health and care and can be seen as a reflection of the fulfilment of a wide range of human rights etc., the Alliance will seek to develop a nutrition-based approach to human rights monitoring and a human rights approach to nutrition monitoring.

6. Considering that whenever food has been used as a weapon of war, throughout history and up to the present day, its worst effects have been on the civilian population, particularly on women, children and other innocent victims, WANAHR will promote compliance with the prohibition of food for political ends when it deprives needy people of food.

For further information please contact: Asbjørn Eide, Norwegian Institute of Human Rights, Grensen 18 N-0159 Oslo, Norway. Tel: (47 22) 42 13 60 Fax: (47 22) 42 25 42)

(Source: WANAHR Inaugural Meeting, Innocenti, Florence Italy, 18-21 May 1994. Final Report (draft), July 1994.)

XVI IVACG Meeting, October 1994

The XVI Meeting of the International Vitamin A Consultative Group (IVACG), which will take place in Chiang Rai, Thailand, from 24-28 October 1994, will take the theme of “Two Decades of Progress: Linking Knowledge to Action.” The meeting will commemorate IVACG’s 20th anniversary as an organization guiding international activities for reducing vitamin A deficiency in the world.

The program will include invited presentations on the meeting theme and national plans of action developed as follow-up to the December 1992 International Conference on Nutrition in Rome. Other oral, poster and video presentations will be selected from submitted abstracts on the following topics: dietary approaches to combat vitamin A deficiency: e.g. assessment, dietary diversification, fortification, food composition, food production through home gardens, appropriate food preservation technology, home food preservation, and intra-household determinants of diets; education and communication strategies to promote change in vitamin A-related behaviours: e.g., person-to-person communications, presentations and group interactions, print media, audiovisuals, songs, broadcast media, and especially multimedia; and new human research related to vitamin A: e.g., childhood morbidity, immune response, detection and consequences of subclinical deficiency, and safety issues.

More than 300 participants are expected at the meeting - policy makers, program managers and planners, and scientists in health, nutrition, biochemistry, agriculture, horticulture, and development. The meeting is sponsored by IVACG and a local organizing committee with a secretariat at the Institute of Nutrition at Mahidol University.

For further information contact: IVACG Secretariat, The Nutrition Foundation, Inc., 1126 Sixteenth Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036, USA. Tel: 202 659 9024 Fax: 202 659 3617.

(Source: IVACG Press Release)

1994 International Conference on Population & Development

Cairo, Egypt, from 5-13 September 1994, are the location and dates of the International Conference on Population & Development (ICPD), during which a plan of action linking population, economic growth, and sustainable development will be finalized.

The world population is now nearly 5.7 billion, and is increasing at a rate of some 93 million annually - nearly all of the increase occurring in developing countries - and United Nations projections suggest that the total population will have grown to between 7.9 and 9.1 billion by 2025. These rapidly growing populations are putting increasing pressure on countries trying to provide adequate employment, housing, and social services to their citizens.

One of the main factors thought to be responsible for governments’ failure to slow population growth is the existing unmet need for family planning services. Millions of individuals and couples have inadequate access to safe and affordable family planning methods, or lack information about available services. Family planning service availability is useless, however, if there is no demand for it. Thus, issues also to be addressed include combatting poverty - associated with high fertility levels - and the empowerment of women - that is, improving women’s status, educational levels, and employment prospects, all of which are linked with lower fertility levels.

According to Conference background information issues to be covered in the plan of action will include:

· The close links between population, the environment and economic growth, and the need to take population factors into account in planning for sustainable development.

· Gender equality and women’s empowerment. These are central concerns of ICPD in their own right, and, additionally, because improving women’s status, educational levels and employment prospects also help to reduce fertility levels.

· The varied roles, composition and structure of the family, the social institution within which most child-bearing and child-rearing occur.

· The rapid growth of world population, the diversity among and within regions in growth rates and distribution, the challenges posed by the high proportion of young people in many countries’ populations, and the growing numbers of elderly people in developing countries.

· Reproductive rights, and provision of voluntary reproductive health programmes and family planning, encompassing such issues as adolescent sexuality, abortion, and sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS.

· Internal shifts of population due to rural/urban inequity, and the resulting explosion of urban growth.

· International migration, its causes and effects, and the protection of the rights of documented and undocumented migrants and refugees.

The document will offer recommendations for action at local, national, and international levels and will also detail the actions and financial resources needed to implement these recommendations.

The Conference will be the culmination of various preparatory activities, which have been guided by a Preparatory Committee which includes representatives of all countries.

At its second session in May 1993, the Committee asked the Conference Secretariat to prepare a draft of the Conference recommendations - this draft was debated at the Preparatory Committee’s third and final session in April 1994.

Five regional conferences - for Asia, the Pacific, Africa, Europe, North America, the Arab World, and Latin America and the Caribbean - have been held to review population and development policies and programmes, and issue recommendations for the Conference.

Six meetings of technical experts have issued their findings on related issues including population, environment and development; population policies and programmes; population and women; family planning, health and family well-being; population growth and demographic structure; and population distribution and migration. The recommendations of the regional conferences and expert group meetings, along with inputs from the second session of the Preparatory Committee and the 48th session of the UN General Assembly, have been taken into account in the preparation of the draft Cairo document.

In addition, Governments, United Nations organizations, foundations and private groups have organized a series of round table meetings of experts to discuss key issues including: women’s perspectives on family planning, reproductive health and reproductive rights; the demographic and health impact of the AIDS epidemic; population and development; population, environment and sustainable development; and population and communication.

National committees of over 100 countries are drafting national population reports to present at the Conference, and over 400 non-governmental organizations are also playing an important role in Conference preparations, gaining accreditation and offering their perspectives on the major issues to be addressed.

For further information please contact: ICPD Secretariat, 220 E. 42nd Street, 22nd Floor, New York, NY 10017, USA. Tel: (212) 297 5244/5245 Fax: (212) 297 5250. Media Contact: (212) 297 5030.

(Source: ICPD Information Folder, undated)

United Nations World Summit for Social Development

Convened by the United Nations, the World Summit for Social Development will take place from 6-12 March 1995 in Copenhagen, Denmark, bringing together heads of State or Government to address the social disintegration and world disorder that threaten global security and development. World leaders will define social development and human security priorities and agree to action at national and international levels. The following information is extracted from a United Nations fact sheet on the Summit.

The Summit furthers the commitment, made in the Charter of the United Nations, to promote “higher standards of living, full employment, and conditions of economic and social progress and development with a view to the creation of conditions of stability and well-being”. Three core issues have been identified:

¨ Reduction and elimination of widespread poverty;
¨ Productive employment and the reduction of unemployment;
¨ Social integration.

The Summit will tackle these issues by charting new directions for social policies. It will make a moral case for solidarity, for the integration of disadvantaged groups and for the promotion of existing UN agreements, including those concerning human rights, labour rights and social justice. The future of the UN’s work in the social and economic fields will be shaped by the policies and commitments agreed to in Copenhagen in 1995.

The two-day Summit will be held at the level of heads of State or Government. It will be preceded by five days of meetings among their personal representatives, other high-level officials and experts. Summit consultations will also involve representatives from Governments, United Nations programmes and agencies, non-governmental organizations, intergovernmental organizations, national liberation movements recognized by the Organization of African Unity, experts and professional associations.

The level of non-governmental organization (NGO) involvement in UN conferences has been rising since the 1992 Earth Summit. Recognizing that these organizations are key actors in advancing social development, the Summit Preparatory Committee adopted special modalities for NGO accreditation.

Accordingly, NGOs in consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) will be accredited upon written request to: NGO Unit/DPCSD, Room DC2-2340, United Nations, New York, NY 10017, USA. Fax: (212) 963-3062 or United Nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service (NGLS), 866 UN Plaza, Rm. 6015, New York, NY 10017, USA. Tel: (212) 963-3125 Fax: (212) 963 8712.

Noting the importance of the social component of sustainable development, General Assembly resolution 47/92 of 16 December 1992, which calls for convening the World Summit for Social Development, identifies eleven major Summit objectives:

¨ Place the needs of people at the centre of development;

¨ Secure international, governmental and NGO policies that promote social development and enable the active involvement of all citizens;

¨ Place special priority on the social development needs of the least developed countries;

¨ Attain an appropriate balance between economic efficiency and social justice in growth-oriented, equitable and sustainable development environments, in accordance with nationally defined priorities;

¨ Address creatively the interaction between the social function of the State, market responses to social demands and the imperatives of sustainable development;

¨ Identify common problems of socially marginalized and disadvantaged groups and promote their social integration and attainment of equal opportunities;

¨ Promote legal protection, effective social welfare and education and training for all;

¨ Ensure effective delivery of social services to the disadvantaged;

¨ Mobilize resources for social development at the local, national, regional and international levels;

¨ Recommend effective actions and policies for the UN system in the sphere of social development, and particularly for the Commission for Social Development.

The Preparatory Committee (PrepCom) for the World Summit for Social Development, representing all Member States and UN specialized agencies, held its organizational session in New York from 12 to 16 April 1993. It elected a Bureau composed of Chairman Juan O. Somavia, Chilean Ambassador to the UN, and nine Vice-Chairmen representing Australia, Cameroon, India, Indonesia, Latvia, Mexico, the Netherlands, Poland and Zimbabwe. Denmark, the host country for the Summit, serves as ex officio member.

At the PrepCom’s first session, at UN Headquarters in New York, 31 January - 11 February 1994, a focused analysis of core issues emerged from the contributions of 142 delegations (many of them supported by ministerial and policy experts), 149 NGOs and representatives from UN programmes, specialized agencies and regional commissions. Outlines of a draft Declaration and a draft Programme of Action were agreed to.

At the second PrepCom session there will also be:

¨ A review of UN system activities on social development;
¨ A review of data sources and publications on social development issued by the UN;
¨ Reports on meetings of experts and symposia organized as part of the Summit preparations;
¨ National reports, NGO reports and reports from UN programmes and agencies.

A UN Secretariat unit, headed by Mr Jacques Baudot, is coordinating arrangements for the Summit. This unit is located within the UN Department for Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development in New York, under the responsibility of Under-Secretary-General Nitin Desai.

For further information contact: Department of Public Information, United Nations, Room S-1040, New York, NY10017, USA. Fax: (212) 963 4556 or Secretariat of the World Summit for Social Development, DPCSD, United Nations, Room S-3060, New York, NY 10017, USA. Tel: (212) 963-5855 Fax: (212) 963 1010.

(Source: United Nations World Summit for Social Development Fact Sheet, May 1994)

Fourth UN World Conference on Women

Convened by the UN General Assembly, the fourth World Conference on Women will take place in Beijing, China from 4-15 September 1995 taking the theme of “Action for Equality, Development & Peace”. The UN Commission on the Status of Women - an intergovernmental body representing 45 United Nations Member States - is serving as the Preparatory Committee. Secretary-General of the Conference is Gertrude Mongolia, of the United Republic of Tanzania. Her office and the Conference Secretariat - who have the task of organizing the Conference and preparing its documents - are at the UN headquarters in New York.

The first UN World Conference on Women took place in 1975 in Mexico City & resulted in a declaration by the UN General Assembly of the United Nations Decade for Women. In Copenhagen in 1980, participants of the Second UN World Conference on Women adopted a Programme of Action for the Second Half of the United Nations Decade for Women, and at the Third World Conference on Women in Nairobi in 1985, the Nairobi Forward-Looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women to the Year 2000 were adopted. The Strategies provide a framework for action at the national, regional & international levels to promote greater equality and opportunity for women. They are based on the three objectives of the United Nations Decade for Women - equality, development & peace.

At the forthcoming conference, participants will pursue the aims of: reviewing & appraising the advancement of women since 1985 in terms of the Strategies adopted in Nairobi; mobilizing women and men at both the policy-making & grass roots levels to achieve these objectives; adopting a Platform for Action, concentrating on some of the key issues identified as representing a fundamental obstacle to the advancement of the majority of women in the world - including elements relative to awareness-raising, decision-making, literacy, poverty, health, violence, national machinery, refugees, & technology; and determining the priorities to be followed in 1996-2001 for implementation of the Strategies within the UN system.

Participants and observers of the Conference will include: Governments, organizations of the UN system; intergovernmental organizations; national liberation movements recognized by the Organization of African Unity; non-governmental organizations; and experts and professional associations.

Several preparatory events in the run-up to the conference are scheduled for the remainder of 1994 and in 1995.

For further information please contact the Department of Public Information. United Nations, Room S-1040, New York, NY 10017, USA. Tel: 1 212/963 1262 Fax: 1 212/963 4361.

(Source: Fourth World Conference on Women Fact Sheet, March 1994)

Dietary Assessment Methods - International Conference

The Second International Conference on Dietary Assessment Methods will be held in Boston, USA, from 22-24 January 1995.

The following information is taken from the conference announcement and call for abstracts.

“The conference is designed to facilitate ongoing exchange of information, stimulate national & international collaborative research, and encourage innovative approaches to improving methods for collecting and analyzing dietary data... Participants will come from academic and health care settings, food industries, and government agencies around the world. Speakers and faculty will include a broad spectrum of internationally recognized experts in dietary assessment methodologies. This conference will provide opportunities to discuss issues related to dietary assessment, including the cognitive influence in dietary assessment methodology, experiences from diverse cultures, food consumption patterns, biomarkers of dietary intake, calibration/validation methodology, statistical interpretation & adjustment of dietary data, surveillance & monitoring, and food composition/contaminants/xenobiotics.”

For further information regarding the conference, please contact: Conference on Dietary Assessment Methods, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, LL-23, Boston, MA 021 15-6023, USA.

(Source: Conference Announcement & Call for Abstracts, January 1 1994)

Second International Course on Production and Use of Food Composition Data in Nutrition

The above course - organized by the Graduate School for Advanced Studies in Nutrition, Food Technology, Agribiotechnology and Health Sciences, in cooperation with the United Nations University, the Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the International Union of Nutritional Sciences - will take place from 3-21 October 1994.

It is designed for those concerned with food analysis for nutritional databases and those involved in the compilation and use of nutritional databases or food composition tables.

The course is planned to provide an introduction to the production and use of food composition data in nutrition especially with regard to the data for nutritional databases.

For more information, contact Mrs L Duym, Course Secretariat, FLAIR Eurofoods-Enfant Project, Wageningen Agricultural University, Department of Human Nutrition, PO Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands. Tel: 31 8370 83054/82589 Fax: 31 8370 83342.

(Source: Eurofoods Enfant Newsletter, Number 4, February 1994)

World Federation of Public Health Associations - International Congress

“Health Economics and Development: Working Together for Change” will be the theme of the WFPHA 7th International Congress, to be held from 4-8 December 1994 in Bali, Indonesia. The Congress will examine the linkages among health, economic growth, and human development. It will identify the barriers to intersectoral planning and implementation. It will highlight successful strategies and models for making health concerns more central to economic and development policies and programmes.

Dr Hiroshi Nakajima, Director-General of the World Health Organization, and Dr Nafis Sadik, Executive Director of the UN Population Fund, will be joined by officials from UNICEF, UN Development Programme, the World Bank, and other international organizations in giving major addresses. Representatives of nongovernmental health and development organizations will offer their perspectives, and government officials will provide insights into the decision-making process.

Over 800 registrants are expected to attend the Congress, from NGOs, governments, and international organizations; participation is open to all. English is the official language of the Congress.

For further information contact: Dr Anhari Achadi, Chair, Indonesian Public Health Association, Gedung Mochtar, 2 Floor Jl. Pegangsaan Timur 16, Jakarta Pusat 10320 Indonesia. Phone and Fax (62 21) 314 5583. Or Mitra Andrawina, Jl. Abdul Muis 68, Jakarta 10160, Indonesia. Phone: 62 21 3861207 or 3861208 Fax: 62 21 3851588, 3145583, 7270014, 7401 148 or 7401 107.

(Source: WFPHA leaflet)

3 Month Course in Community Health in Developing Countries

Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine in the United Kingdom is organizing a new 3 month course in Community Health in Developing Countries with a strong focus on the provision of community health in unstable situations involving population displacement.

According to the course announcement “this is the first course of its kind addressing the needs of those working in community health who are faced with the results of the many conflicts going on in the world today. The course will provide a forum for discussion and exploration of the different needs and approaches which arise in such situations, compared to those in situations of stability where a more developmental approach is the norm.”

“The course is appropriate for all those working in community health, but will be especially valuable as a result of its dual focus.”

This 13 week course will run for the first time beginning in January 1995.

For further information contact: Anne Gordon, Course Secretary, Community Health in Developing Countries, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK. Fax: 051 707 1702 Phone: 051 708 9393

(Source: Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine Press Release, undated)

Quotations

1. Nelson Mandela, President of South Africa:

“Let there be work, bread, water and salt for all”

(Source: The Observer Newspaper’s “Sayings of the Week”, 15 May 1994.)

2. US President Bill Clinton at a White House ceremony honouring six “health heroes”:

“On nutrition, the world can make enormous improvements through simple steps such as eliminating vitamin A deficiency, which can be deadly, and by promoting more breastfeeding for infants...”

3. Hillary Rodham Clinton, at the same event:

“It would be unforgivable if millions of children should continue to die or be stunted in their growth, blinded, or learning impaired if the world did not address their basic (nutrition) needs.”

4. Scientist Carl Sagan in The Washington Post:

“even if we harden our hearts to the shame and misery experienced by the victims... even if we didn’t have a microgram of compassion in us, it would still make sense to take heroic steps to avoid undernutrition and malnutrition in fetuses, infants and children. It will not solve all our problems but it will take us far.”

(Source (2,3 & 4): “New and Noteworthy in Nutrition”, No. 23, April 25 1994, World Bank, Washington, D.C.)

SHORT COURSES IN HUMAN NUTRITION IN AFRICA, ASIA AND EUROPE

Compiled by the International Committee, Nutrition Society, 10 Cambridge Court, 210 Shepherds Bush, London W6 7NJ, UK

The following list gives many (but probably not all) of the nutrition courses offered in Africa, Asia and Europe which are taught in English, last not longer than six months and accept foreign students. Entry qualifications vary but most require work experience and some require an undergraduate qualification. Some courses give credits towards a MSc. Prospective students should write to the relevant institution for advice on how to obtain funding.

The list is based on information collected in 1993 & 1994; we will be pleased to receive updates, corrections and additions (especially in regions not yet covered) so that we can revise the list in the future.

The order of the data given is: Institution, name of course, award, duration, approximate date, contact address.

AFRICA

Nutrition Institute, Cairo Management & Training for Nutrition Programmes. Diploma & Certificate. 6 months. July-Dec. Contact: Chairman Board of Management, Nutrition Institute, 16 Kasr El-Ayni St, Cairo, Egypt

University of Nairobi. Computer Applications in Nutrition and Health Research. Occasional. Contact: Head, Unit of Applied Nutrition, Department of Food Technology & Nutrition, University of Nairobi, Box 41607, Nairobi, Kenya

ECSA Food and Nutrition Training Programme, University of Zimbabwe, Harare. Maternal and Child Nutrition. Certificate. 6 weeks. Jan-Feb. (Eastern, Central and Southern African nationals only). Contact: Food and Nutrition Coordinator, Commonwealth Regional Health Community Secretariat, Box 1009, Arusha, Tanzania

ASIA

National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad. Nutrition. (Medical graduates only). 3 months. Contact: National Institute of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research, Jamia-Osmania P.O., Hyderabad 500 007, India

University of Indonesia, Jakarta; SEAMEO-TROPMED. (Southeast Asian nationals only). Management of Community Nutrition. Diploma. 5 month. July-Nov. Management, Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation in Nutrition; Nutrition Planning and Management; Nutritional Assessment of Community Groups; Nutrition Epidemiology; Communication and Knowledge Transfer in Nutrition; Nutrition Anthropology, Communication and Extension; Food Production Systems and Food Economics; Nutrition and Food Interventions; Field Research in Applied Human Nutrition. Each 2-4 weeks. Contact: Directorate, SEAMEO-TROPMED Center Indonesia, University of Indonesia, 6 Salemba Raya, Jakarta 10430, Indonesia

Nutrition Center of the Philippines-United Nations University, Manila. Planning and Management of Food and Nutrition Programmes. 3 months. Community Management of Micronutrient Interventions. 3 months. Strengthening the School Health and Nutrition Programme through a ‘Teacher-Child-Parent’ Relay System Approach. 1 month. Contact: Nutrition Center of the Philippines, MCC Box 653, Makati, Manila, Philippines

University of the Philippines, Manila. Nutrition Programs and Management. 5 days. Public Health Nutrition. 5 days. Assessment of Nutritional Status. 5 days. Contact: Course Coordinator, College of Public Health, 625 Pedro Gil, Ermita, Manila 1000, Philippines

EUROPE

International Agricultural Centre, Wageningen. International Course on Food and Nutrition Programme Management. 6 weeks. Oct-Dec. International Course on Food Science and Nutrition. Diploma 6 months. Jan-Jun. Contact: International Agricultural Centre, Box 88, 6700 AB Wageningen, The Netherlands

Wageningen Agricultural University with UNU & FAO. Production and use of food composition data in nutrition. 3 weeks. Oct. Contact: Department of Human Nutrition, Wageningen Agricultural University, Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands

University of Limburg, Maastricht & Catholic University, Leuven. Clinical Nutrition. 2 weeks. April. Contact: Department of Human Biology, Biomedical Center, University of Limburg, Box 616, NL-6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands

Uppsala University. Nutrition in Developing Countries. Certificate. 7 weeks. Mar-April. Community Nutrition Assessment Methods. Certificate. 2 weeks. May. Assessment of Nutritional Status. Certificate. 2 weeks. Fortnightly during autumn. Contact: Department of Nutrition, Uppsala University, Dag Hammarskjold vag 21, S-752 37 Uppsala, Sweden

Karolinska Institute, Huddinge. Community Nutrition. Certificate. 4 weeks. April-May. Contact: Unit for Preventive Nutrition, CNT, Novum, S 141 57 Huddinge, Sweden

University of Leeds. Clinical Nutrition. 4 days. Sept. Contact: Course Organizer, Department of Continuing Professional Education, Continuing Education Building, Springfield Mount, Leeds LS2 9NG, UK

London School Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London. Human Nutrition Refresher Courses: Nutrition in Tropical Public Health; Food and Nutrition in Issues in Europe; Metabolic Basis of Nutritionally Mediated Disease; Policy in Food and Nutrition. Each 5 weeks. Apr-May. Contact: Course Organizer, Centre for Human Nutrition, London School Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 2 Taviton St, London WC1H 0BT, UK

Centre for International Child Health, University of London. Breastfeeding: Practice & Policy. 4 weeks. June-July. Contact: Short Courses Office, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford St, London WC1 1EH, UK

University of Sheffield. Human Nutrition. Modules from MSc/Diploma course - each about 1 month. Contact: Course Coordinator, Centre for Human Nutrition, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK

University of Southampton. Public Health Nutritional Epidemiology. Certificate. 3 weeks. July. Nutritional Support. (Clinicians only). 5 days. June-July. Contact: Course Director, Institute of Human Nutrition, University of Southampton, Bassett Crescent East, Southampton SO9 3TU, UK; Nutrition Health Education. University of Southampton. Certificate. 3 weeks. June-July. Contact: Course Administrator, Faculty of Educational Studies, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO9 5NH, UK

University of Sussex. Food Security in Africa: policy, planning and interventions. 12 weeks. Contact: The Chairman, Teaching Area, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9RE, UK

References

WHO/SEARO 1990 Overview of Training Courses in Nutrition SEARO/WHO, New Delhi

AHRTAG 1993 Primary Health Care Short Course Directory 1993/94 from AHRTAG, 1 London Bridge St, London SE1 9SG

International Child Health Unit 1993 Directory of Training Courses 1994 in Nytt OMU-Landshälsovård no. 3 from ICH, University Hospital, S-751 85 Uppsala, Sweden


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