CEB also addressed the outcome of the midterm review by the General Assembly of the Brussels Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries for the Decade 2001-2010. CEB highlighted the need to make every effort to accelerate the implementation of the Brussels Programme of Action as a major integral part of the drive towards meeting the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals.

Despite some significant progress by some least developed countries, their gains as a group had been insufficient to meet the goals agreed upon in Brussels. Available data on recent poverty trends were not encouraging, with life expectancy declining in several least developed countries affected by HIV/AIDS and civil strife.

Further action was required under national leadership with international support in terms of market access, debt relief and more and better assistance, with the United Nations supporting those objectives by working in concert at both the policy and operational levels.

In response to the General Assembly’s call for action, CEB decided to respond with a three-prong approach to the outcome of the review:

  • United Nations system organizations would redouble their efforts to accelerate the implementation of the Brussels Programme of Action in their respective fields of competence;
  • twenty United Nations system entities and agencies had already adopted decisions in their respective governing bodies to mainstream the implementation of the Brussels Programme of Action in their work programmes, and other relevant entities would take similar action; and
  • on the basis of the experience gained from the inter-agency consultation in the preparation of the review, further work would be undertaken on information sharing and building synergies around concrete objectives. It was agreed that the inter-agency consultations should be transformed into an inter-agency consultative group for the accelerated implementation of the Brussels Programme of Action.
    development