The UN Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations lead agency for the UN development system. Its objective is to build inclusive, sustainable and resilient societies. It has a presence in 176 countries and territories, and provides expert advice, training and financial support. Special attention is paid to the needs of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and countries emerging from conflict.
UNDP's focus is on working with developing countries to find solutions to the challenges of:
Crisis prevention and recovery
Environment and energy
HIV and AIDS.
UNDP coordinates global and national efforts to reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) including the overarching goal ofhalvingpoverty by 2015. In all its activities, UNDP encourages the protection of human rights, capacity development and the empowerment of women.
UNDP administers special funds and programmes, including:
UN Volunteers (UNV),
UN Capital Development Fund (UNCDF),
UNDP began operations in 1966 under GA res. 2029 (XX) (1965), which combined the UN Expanded Programme of Technical Assistance (EPTA) with the Special Fund.
The 36-member Executive Board is responsible for providing inter-governmental support to and supervision of the activities of UNDP, the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) and the UN Office for Project Services (UNOPS) in accordance with the overall policy guidance of the General Assembly and Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), and the responsibilities set out in the UN Charter. It must also be responsive to the needs of programme countries. The Board is under ECOSOC's authority. Its functions are set out in GA res. 48/162 (1993). The Executive Board superseded the 48-member Governing Council on 1 January 1994.
The Executive Board Bureau is comprised of one president and four vice-presidents, elected from the members at the first regular session each year and taking into account the need for equitable geographical representation. The Bureau's primary functions are to prepare and organise Board meetings, facilitate transparent decision malcing and promote dialogue in decision making. The Bureau also agrees on the composition of the teams participating in Executive Board field visits.
UNDP's financial resources are derived primarily from voluntary contributions by participating state governments. Voluntary contributions to regular (core) resources in 2010 reached $0.97 billion compared with $1.01 billion in 2009 and $1.1 billion in 2008. Total contributions from all funding sources (including regular contributions, co-financing by bilateral donors, multilateral contributions and programme country co-financing) reached $5.01 billion in 2010 compared with $4.67 billion in 2009.
ECOSOC elects Executive Board members in May each year. Members are elected for three-year terms, with the exception of the Western European and Other states group, which has determined its own internal rotation policy. GA res. 48/162 (1993) specifies that membership of the Executive Board should be based on equitable geographic representation and other relevant factors. It specifies there should be 36 members: eight from African states, seven from Asian states, four from Eastern European states, five from Latin American and Caribbean states, and 12 from Western European and Other states. Board terms are three years, unless otherwise agreed.
Bureau members of the UNDP/UNFPA/UNOPS Executive Board in 2011 are:
President Edita Hrda, Czech Republic
Vice-Presidents Michel Tommo Monthe, Cameroon Carlos Enrique Garcia Gonzalez, El Salvador Takeshi Osuga,Japan Nojibur Rahman, Bangladesh
Members of the UNDP/UNFPA/UNOPS Board and their terms, expiring on 31 December of the year indicated, are:
African states Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Comoros Congo DR Congo Djibouti Egypt Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Guinea Lesotho Libyan AJ Madagascar Malawi Mauritania Morocco Mozambique Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Togo Tunisia Uganda UR of Tanzania Zambia
Asian states Bangladesh Bhutan China DPRK India Indonesia Iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lao PDR Lebanon Malaysia Nepal Palcistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Qatar ROK Thailand Viet Nam Yemen
Eastern European states Azerbaijan Belarus Bulgaria Czech Republic Estonia Poland Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Ukraine
Latin American and Caribbean states Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Belize Brazil Colombia Cuba Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Mexico Peru Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay
Western European and Other states (plus Japan) Australia Austria Belgium Canada Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Norway Portugal Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey UK USA
The Board meets in one annual and two regular sessions each year. The annual session alternates between New York and Geneva. The regular sessions are held in New York. The 2011 Board meeting schedule was: first regular session from 31 Januacy to 3 February, and an annual session from 6 to 17 June, in New York. A second regular session was scheduled to be held from 6 to 9 September.
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