The UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is the UN specialized agency mandated to promote industrial development and international industrial cooperation. The Organization's mission statement is: Partner for prosperiy: UNIDO aspires to reduce poverty through sustainable industrial development. we want every country to have the opportunity to grow a flourishing productive sector, to increase their participation in international trade and to safeguard their environment.
In order to meet these objectives, UNIDO's constitution calls on the Organization to:
Assist developing countries in the formulation of development, institutional, scientific and technological policies and programmes in the field of industrial development
Analyse trends, disseminate information and coordinate activities in their industrial development
Act as a forum for consultations and negotiations directed towards the industrialisation of developing countries
Provide technical co-operation to developing countries for the implementation of their development plans for sustainable industrialisation in their public and private sectors.
UNIDO's work is focused on three thematic priority areas: poverty reduction through productive activities; trade capacity-building; and energy and environment
Activities under the thematic priorities are reflected in UNIDO's strategic long-term vision statement, medium-term programme frameworks (2010-13) and biennial programme documents (2010-11). Activities are strictly aligned with the priorities of the UN Decade for the Eradication of Poverty and relevant multilateral declarations, including the Millennium Declaration, the Brussels Declaration and Programme of Action, the World Summit Outcome and the Doha Ministerial Declaration. Of special importance for UNIDO's technical cooperation and programming priorities for Africa, is the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), a strategic development framework of the African Union (AU).
The origins of UNIDO can be traced back to a series of studies on the rapid industrialisation of developing countries carried out by the UN Secretariat during the early 1950s at the request of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). In 1962, the Secretariat's Industry Section became the Industrial Development Centre. In 1966, the General Assembly created UNIDO as a special organ of the UN (GA res. 2152 (XXI)), and the Organization was formally established with headquarters in Vienna, Austria, in January 1967. UNIDO's second General Conference, in 1975, recommended UNIDO be converted into a specialised agency, and this process was completed in December 1985.
UNIDO takes part in various inter-agency coordination mechanisms of the UN system, participates in programme-related task forces and management-related coordination groups. In its programmatic activities, UNIDO partners with UN organisations relevant to its thematic priorities and cooperates with the World Trade Organization (WTO) in the enhanced integrated framework for Aid for Trade. UNIDO is also an executing agency under the Global Environment Facility (GEF), a core agency of the UN Global Compact, and a major implementing agency for several multilateral environmental agreements including the Montreal Protocol, Stockholm Convention and UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. UNIDO maintains direct collaboration agreements with civil society organisations, academia, government-owned institutions and transnational corporations.
The General Conference is UNIDO's highest policy-making organ. It consists of all UNIDO Member States and meets every second year. The Conference appoints the Director-General for four years.
The Industrial Development Board acts as a preparatory body for the Conference. It meets once in Conference years and twice in other years, and consists of 53 Member States elected for four-year terms.
The Programme and Budget Committee consists of 27 Member States elected for two year terms. The Committee meets at least once a year.
The UNIDO Secretariat is based in Vienna. Since 26 February 2010, UNIDO's organisational structure comprises: Office of the Director-General (ODG), Programme Development and Technical Cooperation Division, Regional Strategies and Field Operations Division, Programme Support and General Management Division, and the independent offices of internal oversight, legal affairs, ethics and accountability, and change and organisational renewal. UNIDO has a presence in 53 countries including 10 regional offices, 19 country offices, 18 desks, five focal points and one regional centre.
The 173 UNIDO Member States are: Afghanistan Albania Algeria Angola Argentina Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo Costa Rica COte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic DPRK DR Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethopia Fiji Finland Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Grenada Gautemala Guinea guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Itlay Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait Kyrgystan Lao PDR Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan AJ Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qtar ROK Republic of Moldova Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Slovakia Slovenia Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian AR Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine UAE UK UR of Tanzania Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
The General Conference 14th session was held in Vienna from 28 November to 2 December 2011.
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