The Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) was created in 1947 by ECOSOC res. 36 (IV) (1947). Its major aim is to promote pan-European economic integration. To do so, UNECE brings together 56 countries from Europe, Central Asia and North America to work together on economic and sectoral issues.
The Commission provides analysis, policy advice and assistance to governments. In cooperation with other stakeholders, notably the business community, it gives focus to UN global economic mandates. It also sets out norms, standards and conventions to facilitate international cooperation within and outside the region.
UNECE expertise covers sectors including: economic cooperation and integration, sustainable energy, environment, housing and land management, population, statistics, timber, trade and transport.
The Commission is responsible for making strategic decisions on its work programme and provides a forum for policy dialogue on economic developments in the region.
Principal subsidiary bodies are:
Committee on Economic Cooperation and Integration
Committee on Environmental Policy
Conference ofEuropean Statisticians
Committee on Housing and Land Management
Committee on Inland Transport
Committee on Sustainable Energy
Committee on Timber
Committee on Trade.
The Commission is composed of the European members of the UN, plus the USA, Canada, Israel and the Central Asian and Caucasian former USSR republics.
The 56 members are:
Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Canada Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Republic of Moldova Romania Russian Federation San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Tajikistan The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine UK USA Uzbekistan
The Commission holds a public session every two years. The 54th session was held in Geneva from 29 to 31 March 2011. Meetings of its sectoral committees are held throughout the year.