The UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is the secretariat of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its three supplementary protocols on: Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children; Smuggling of Migrants; and illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms. It is also the secretariat of the Conference of the States Parties to the UN Convention against Corruption. UNODC promotes the ratification and implementation of all of these conventions and protocols through capacity building, training and technical assistance.
The UNODC Terrorism Prevention Branch provides, through its Global Programme against Terrorism, technical and legal assistance to Member States seeking to ratify and implement all of the international legal instruments relating to the prevention and suppression of terrorism. The mandate of UNODC is to support Member States in the prevention of illicit drugs crime and terrorism. The three pillars of the Office's work programme are:
Research and analytical work to increase knowledge and understanding of drugs crime issues
Assistance for states in the ratification and implementation of relevant international treaties, the development of domestic legislation on drugs, crime and terrorism, and provision of secretariat and other services to the treaty-based and governing bodies
Field-based technical cooperation projects to enhance the capacity of Member State counteract illicit drugs, crime and terrorism.
The UN International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP), the predecessor of UNODC was established under GA res. 45/179 (1990) as the body responsible for coordinating international action in the field of drug abuse control. The Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme was established under GA res. 46/152 (1991), and from 1992 implemented under ECOSOC res. 1992/1 by the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ). The authority for the Programme's Fund was conferred on the Executive Director by GA res. 46/185C (1991). Former Secretary-General Kofi Annan (ST/SGB/2004/6) established UNO DC on 15 March 2004 to implement the two programmes in an integrated manner.
UNODC has 54 regional, country and programme offices around the world. They represent the operational arm of the organisation. Field staff work directly with institutions, civil society organisations and local communities to develop and implement drug control and crime prevention programmes that are tailored to the needs of assisted countries. UNODC also maintains liaison offices in New York and Brussels.
UNODC has regional offices for: Brazil and the Southern Cone; Central Asia; Eastern Africa; the Middle East and North Africa; Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean; Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador; South Asia; Southern Africa; West and Central Africa (Senegal); and East Asia and the Pacific.
Country offices are in: Afghanistan, Bolivia, Colombia, Iran, Lao PDR. Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan and Viet Nam. Regional programme offices are in Bulgaria (for South Eastern Europe) and Panama; sub-regional programme offices in UAE (for the Gulf States) and Libyan AJ; and programme offices in Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Burundi, Cambodia, Cape Verde, China, DR Congo, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Guinea-Bissau, Guatemala, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Nepal, Occupied Palestinian Territory, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Somalia, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkey and Turkmenistan.
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